The waters around the island are less well-endowed with fish that the western Mediterranean which receives most of the nutrients brought by the Atlantic currents. Since the construction of the Aswan dam the Nile no longer enriches the sea of the Eastern Mediterranean.
The clear waters around the island, due to the luck of plankton and a minimal man-made pollution are home for almost two hundred different fish species.
Enormous sharks and rays are seen in the deep waters far away from the shores. The flying fish (Cheilopogon heterurus) is also observed at a safe distance off the shores.
The red and grey mullet, sea bream, octopus, sole and squid are the main types caught and eaten.