Almost fifty species of butterflies occur on the island. A few of them are endemic to Cyprus whereas the others pass through as migrants between Africa, Southern Europe and the Middle East. Notably the red admiral (Vanessa atalanta) and the Cyprus meadow brown (Maniola cypricola) are in evidence throughout the year.
The Southern White admiral (Limenitis reducta) with its single row of black spots differentiates itself from the white admiral which has a double row. Similarly, the island`s swallowtail ( Papilio machaon giganteus) is larger and brighter. The scare swallowtail (Iphiclides podalirius) has a pale colour with elongated `tail` on its lower wings. In addition , the eastern festoon scalloped margins, the large orange and yellow cleopatra (Gonopteryx cleopatra tanrica) and the two-tailed pasha (Charaxes jasius) are examples of exotic butterflies.
To mention a few insects: The hummingbird hawk moth (Macroglossum stellatarum) is a delightfull insect hovering like a hummingbird white probing for nectar with its long proboscis. The Oleander hawk moth is large and green with fawn and purple wings.The golden tiger has an orange body with black stripes, its upper wings speckled brown and white and the lower wings brilliant orange with dark grey spots. Other less appealing insects such as mosquitos find the island`s climate to their liking.
In addition the scoliid wasp, the honey bee, the bumble bee and the large black carpenter bee must be mentioned. Crickets and cicadas, the Cypriot grasshopper, the scorpion and spiders are also worth mentioning.